Wills and
Estate Planning
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Please realize the information contained on this web site should not be construed as legal advice nor does it create an attorney-client relationship between us. It is simply here as a means for me to provide you some basic information for you to use when deciding on whether or not you need to hire an attorney. Because each case is different, it would be impossible for us to provide legal advice on a web site.
Copyright (C) 2007-9 by Gary William Cunha, all rights reserved
Do you need a Will?
If you were to pass away without a will, where would your property go?
Would it be divided up the way you want?
Would problems develop between your surviving family members?
Would you put a large tax burden on your family?
In Texas, if you pass away without a will your property will be divided up by state law without any tax planning benefits as follows:
Married person:
only 1/3 of separate personal property and a life estate in 1/3 of separate real estate goes to spouse.
If all children are yours and your spouse's, all community property goes to surviving spouse; but if you have "his," "hers," and "ours" children, then only the surviving spouse's 1/2 community property interest is retained, and the remaining community property is given to the children.
homestead exception: the surviving spouse retains a life estate in the marital homestead unless the surviving spouse ceases to reside there.
Unmarried person with children:
all property goes to children in equal shares
Unmarried, no children:
All property divided by statutory formula to parents, brothers, sisters, and their descendants (Probate Code 38)
Using the above information, you can see that particular problems arise for married folks whose children are mixed (that is they do not all have the same parents). This also poses a problem if an unknown child comes forward after your death. In that situation half of the community property goes to the children and 2/3 of the separate property. Imagine how you would feel if your spouse passed away and then suddenly half of your belongings and 2/3 of your spouses separate belongings are sold or all of your belongings are sold and you get half of the money (remember they may be sold at garage sale prices!). The other problem arises if you have an estate that will incur tax liability (even if deferred). Lastly, a person dying without a will is subject to a very costly and cumbersome court-supervised administration of the estate.
Advantages to having a will:
1. Estate planning can be implemented to save taxes
2. No surprises, your estate will be divided up in the manner you wish
3. Guardians and trusts can be set up for your children
4. Relatively inexpensive independent administration is available
5. With proper estate planning you can save grief and expense for your family
Do you need additional estate planning tools such as:
Durable Power of Attorney?
Allows you to set up an "attorney in fact" who can sign your name and take care of transactions for you in event of disability or absence. Can also be set up to be a full time document.
Healthcare Power of Attorney?
Similar to above, except it is used to designate someone to make healthcare decisions for you should you be unable to make them yourself.
Living Will?
A document used to set up your wishes should you become in a health situation where you would otherwise pass away but for artificial life support.
Will Info Sheet
Living Will/Power of Attorney Info Sheet
Estate Planning Pamphlet
Online Storage
We now offer storage of your personal estate planning documents online.  Are you tired of being somewhere and needing access to your document, but you do not have it with you?  Now you can have access to it 24/7, anywhere there is internet access.  This service is available free for one year to all new estate planning clients and available to all others for a nominal fee.
click here to see a sample
Wills - Trusts - Estate Planning - Probate - Powers of Attorney - Living Wills